Louise McManus (1896 – May 29, 1993) was the first nurse to earn a Ph.D . She established schools of nursing in college and helped to develop nationally standardized methods for nursing licensure in the United States.
Louise McManus earned her nursing degree at the Massachusetts General Hospital School of Nursing. She completed bachelor’s, master’s and doctoral degrees at Columbia University’s Teachers College, where she was the first person ever to earn a PhD in the field of nursing.
McManus created the Institute for Nursing Research atTeachers College, Columbia University , where she later served as faculty member and dean. McManus saw herself as an advocate for patients, and developed a “Patient Bill of Rights” that was adopted by the Joint Commission in Accreditation of Hospitals.
Awards and honors
-Columbia University Bicentennial Award
-Florence Nightingale International Red Cross Society Citation and Medal and the
-Mary Adelaide Nutting Award for Leadership
-1994: Inductee, National Women’s Hall of Fame
In recognition of her contributions to the field of nursing, the National Council of State Boards of Nursing established the R. Louise McManus Award and the Meritorious Service Award. The R. Louise Mcmanus Medal was established to recognize distinguished long-standing contributions to the field of nursing.
Louise McManus died on May 29, 1993 in a Natick, Massachusetts nursing home. She was 97 years old.