In submission to World AIDS day, designated on December 1 every year since 1988, which is an international day dedicated to raising awareness of the AIDS pandemic caused by the spread of HIV infection and mourning those who have died on the disease.
Therefore CARIDAD OAUTHC embraces a consoling solidarity with HIV+ people and those living with AIDS in alleviating some of the stigma surrounding the disease and boost recognition of the problem as a family disease.
What do we need to know about HIV/AIDS?
Information about HIV/AIDS is not new to many of us, but just to reiterate and illuminate a bit on the subject for the course of managing and alleviating the condition.
..bits on HIV/AIDS
HIV is a virus that attacks the immune system, which is our body’s natural defense against illness. The virus destroys a type of white blood cell in the immune system called a T-helper cell, and makes copies of itself inside these cells. T-helper cells are also referred to as CD4 cells.
There are two major types: HIV 1 and HIV 2 – HIV 1 is thought to originate from chimpanzees and gorillas in western Africa; HIV 2 originates from sooty mangabeys (another ape) found in Senegal and Ghana. HIV 1 is the more deadly and is the cause of the AIDS pandemic and can be divided into the M, N, O, and P subgroups, but HIV 2 is also known to cause AIDS.
Structure of HIV
As HIV destroys more CD4 cells and makes more copies of itself, it gradually breaks down a person’s immune system. This means someone living with HIV, who is not receiving treatment, will find it harder and harder to fight off infections and diseases. HIV spreads through bodily fluids that include: Blood, semen, vaginal and rectal fluids, breast milk.
Stages involved in HIV patient
HIV advances in stages, overwhelming your immune system and getting worse over time. The three stages of HIV infection are:
▶Acute HIV infection
The first few weeks after infection is called the acute infection stage. During this time the virus rapidly reproduces. Your immune system responds by producing HIV antibodies. Many people experience temporary flu-like symptoms during this stage. Even without symptoms, HIV is highly contagious during this time. Some of the symptoms during this stages includes:
Fever (raised temperature), Body rash, Sore throat, Swollen glands, Headache, Upset stomach, Joint aches and pains, Muscle pain.
After the first month or so, HIV enters the clinical latency stage. This stage can last from a few years to a few decades. Progression can be slowed with antiretroviral therapy. Some people have symptoms. Many people do not, but it’s still contagious. As the virus progresses, you’re left with fewer T cells. This makes you more susceptible to disease, infection, and infection-related cancers.
▶AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome)
Without treatment, HIV is likely to advance to AIDS. At that point, the immune system is too weak to fight off life-threatening disease and infection. Untreated, life expectancy with AIDS is about three years.
AIDS is a disease caused by HIV. It’s the most advanced stage of HIV. But just because you have HIV doesn’t mean you’ll develop AIDS. HIV destroys T cells called CD4 cells. These cells help your immune system fight infections. Healthy adults generally have a CD4 count of 800 to 1,000 per cubic millimeter. If you have HIV and your CD4 count falls below 200 per cubic millimeter, you will be diagnosed with AIDS.
You can also be diagnosed with AIDS if you have HIV and develop an opportunistic infection that is rare in people who don’t have HIV. AIDS weakens your immune system to the point where it can no longer fight off most diseases and infections. That makes you vulnerable to a wide range of illnesses, including:
Pneumonia, Tuberculosis,CandidiasisCytomegalovirus (a type of herpes virus), Cryptococci meningitis,Toxoplasmosis (an infection causes by a parasite),Cryptosporidios (an infection caused by an intestinal parasite), Cancer, including Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS) and lymphomaKidney disease
Symptoms that you may have during this time can include:
Weight loss, Chronic diarrhea, Night sweats, A fever, A persistent cough, Mouth and skin problems, Regular infections, Serious illnesses or diseases etc.
Causes or Possibilities of HIV/AIDS
Some of the ways HIV is spread from person to person include:
✔Having unprotected sex with an infected person. This is the most common route of transmission
✔Sharing needles, syringes, and other items for injection drug use with an infected person
✔Passing it on to an unborn child if the mother is HIV-positive
✔Passing it on to a baby through breast milk if the mother is HIV-positive
✔Being exposed to infected fluids, usually through needle sticks.
✔Having a blood transfusion or organ and tissue transplant can also transmit the virus. But rigorous testing for HIV in blood ensures that this is very rare in the United States.
HIV does NOT spread through:
Skin-to-skin contact,Hugging, shaking hands, or kissing, Air or water, Eating or drinking items, including drinking fountains Saliva, tears, or sweat (unless mixed with blood from an infected person),Sharing a toilet, towels, or bedding Mosquitoes or other insects
complications during hiv
Tuberculosis, HepatitisToxoplasmosi, Sexually transmitted infections, Liver or kidney damage, Urinary tract infection.
Prevention of HIV/AIDS
Because the most common ways HIV is transmitted is through anal or vaginal sex or sharing drug injection equipment with a person infected with HIV, it is important to take steps to reduce the risks associated with these. They include:
a. Know your HIV status. Everyone between the ages of 13 and 64 should be tested for HIV at least once. If you are at increased risk for HIV, you should be tested for HIV at least once a year.
b. If you have HIV, you can get medical care, treatment, and supportive services to help you stay healthy and reduce your ability to transmit the virus to others.
c. If you are pregnant and find that you have HIV, treatments are available to reduce the chance that your baby will have HIV.
There are many anti-HIV drugs using for its treatments.
Several organisations are pushing functional cure of HIV/AIDS in the future.
Contacts: 07036046613, 08106886188, 09035076902, 07038103180